The Interventions We’ve Identified Are Linked Below

Those found through an expert review process to meet the Congressional “Top Tier” evidence standard are denoted “Top Tier”; those found to require only one more step to meet this standard – e.g., replication of their sizeable, sustained effects in an additional well-conducted randomized controlled trial – are denoted “Near Top Tier”. The other listed interventions have been found promising by Coalition staff but have not yet been identified by the expert panel as Top Tier or Near Top Tier – in some cases, because of study limitations (such as only short-term follow-up) that indicate the need for additional testing.1

Top Tier Career Academies (Small learning communities in low-income high schools, offering academic and career/technical courses as well as workplace opportunities): Randomized controlled trial shows a sizable positive impact on earnings of participants eight years after their scheduled high school graduation.

Near Top Tier Nevada’s Reemployment and Eligibility Assessment Program (a program for Unemployment Insurance (UI) claimants, providing review of their UI eligibility and personalized reemployment services): Randomized controlled trial shows a sizable increase in earnings and net savings to the taxpayer.

Canadian Self-Sufficiency Project (Earnings supplements for long-term welfare recipients who find full-time work and leave welfare): Randomized controlled trials show sizable increase in participants’ employment rates, job earnings, and family income; and reductions in poverty and welfare dependency.

Los Angeles Jobs-First Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) Program (to quickly move welfare recipients into the workforce): Randomized controlled trial shows sizable increase in employment rates and job earnings, reduction in welfare dependency, and savings to the government.

Minnesota Family Investment Program (Earnings supplements for welfare recipients who find work): Randomized controlled trial shows a sizable increase in employment and earnings, and reduction in poverty rates, for single-parent, long-term welfare recipients (but not other welfare recipients).

Per Scholas Job Training Program (“Sectoral” – i.e., industry-specific – job training for unemployed, disadvantaged workers): Randomized controlled trial shows a sizable increase in employment and earnings.

Portland Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) Program (to quickly move welfare recipients into the workforce): Randomized controlled trial shows sizable increase in employment rates and job earnings, reduction in welfare dependency, and savings to the government.

Riverside Greater Avenues for Independence (GAIN) Program (to quickly move welfare recipients into the workforce): Randomized controlled trial shows sizable increase in employment rates and job earnings, reduction in welfare dependency, and savings to the government, especially for single parents.

Wisconsin Regional Training Partnership (“Sectoral” – i.e., industry-specific – job training for unemployed, disadvantaged workers): Randomized controlled trial shows a sizable increase in earnings.

1 While we strive to ensure that our staff-level summaries are accurate and balanced, readers should note that they have received less scrutiny than those reviewed by the expert panel for Top Tier or Near Top Tier consideration.